Soil Pollution

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Identification of Contaminated Sites

Research about soil pollution due to spills during transport, industrial accidents, and infiltration through waste disposal or deposit sites is conducted in our institute in accordance with the Regulation on ‘Soil Pollution Control and Point Source Contaminated Sites’. The levels of contaminants such as petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), dioxin/furan, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heavy metals and pesticides in the soil can be detected in our laboratories.

The methodology for the determination of the Environmental Quality Standards for the active substances which are the sources of the mentioned contaminants is investigated in our institute. In this context, a project is being implemented in our institute called ‘The Detection of Water Pollution Occurring Due to the Use of Plant Protection Products and Determination of Environmental Quality Standards on the Basis of Article or Article Groups.

Decontamination of Contaminated Sites

Decontamination of contaminated sites can be applied in two ways: On site (in-situ) and by removing the contaminated soil to a different location (ex-situ). In a contaminated site, the optimum decontamination process is selected from one or more of a combination of processes (biological, chemical and physical) and the concentration of a contaminant are brought to the acceptable level according to the relevant regulations. Among the decontamination processes are washing (extraction), heat treatment, solidification / stabilization processes.